On 23rd June 2016, the Britons settled an issue that had reverberated beneath the outward of UK politics for nearly a generation; should the nation stay in the European Union, or leave, ending its membership of 40 years to go alone? Or so it appeared when only below 52% of voters decided on Brexit. This was the turning point in the relationship between the EU and the UK. Presently, however, years after the vote and profound into the exodus course, opinions lingers on the advantages and disadvantages of abandoning the European Union (EU), and what Brexit would imply for the United Kingdom. This is an idea based essay that addresses the pros and cons of the UK, leaving the EU and gives facts on both aspects of Brexit.
Brexit or the British Exit From The European Union (EU)
The EU might appear like a comparatively contemporary political body, but it essentially began after the Second World War. Presently, the EU has 28 member states (Loring, 2016). Although it started as a way of stimulating open trade and economic cooperation amongst its members, the EU has undergone evolution. It began to ask as a lone political body in several ways. For instance, inhabitants of EU member states could travel limitlessly all through Europe. Additionally, 19 of the 28 member states adopted their currency like the Euro. Moreover, the EU has its distinct parliament, and the decision of that parliament put forth regulations and rules for member states in scopes regarded useful to the whole EU.
Babonneau, Haurie, and Vielle (2018) denote that Given that the EU was established to streamline the economy of Europe and intensify trade, it may be hard to comprehend why The United Kingdom would want to quit the EU. Nonetheless, the world economic depression has a devastating effect on the UK, and whereas much of the world has dramatically recovered from the impact of that depression, the EU has stagnated behind world recovery. Thus, the UK might not have felt like it was getting any economic advantages from being a member of the EU. Nonetheless, in all just, the opinions that the UK was economically disadvantaged by the EU were put forth basically by politicians who were in opposition in approval of the UK’s departure from the EU, popularly known as Brexit, instead of by economists who had a feeling that such leave would advantage Britons.
Another possible reason that some Britons might have wanted to quit the EU has a lot to do with immigration. Residents in member nations are capable of moving without restrictions all through the EU. There has been an overwhelming incursion of migrants from countries that are not found in Europe in current history, and some Britons have shown consideration that the nation’s social and economic structures are inadequate to support this escalating migrant numbers. Additionally, they are afraid that pro-immigration strategies might help an inland distinctiveness that weakens the UK’s distinct sense of self. Beneath some of the immigration issues are increasing connotation racism and xenophobia. Even though it might have inspired all or even mainstream of the electorates who were for Brexit, it is unquestionably amongst the reasons that some individuals supported the departure from the EU.
A referendum is an exceptional poll on a particular issue, and in the UK referendums are open to all eligible electorates. Although several individuals without the UK consider the UK as Wales, England, Northern Ireland, and Scotland. On the remarkable day of 23rd June 2026, electorates in all for areas polled on the referendum, which was whether the UK should quit the EU. Generally, the poll to abandon the EU was in favor of departure by a comparatively small margin. Some regions of the UK polled to stay in the EU, Northern Ireland and Scotland polled to remain whereas Wales and England voted to exit.
Although the pole was decidedly in favor of Brexit, there have been mixed sentiments on the outcome. First, although the voter turnout was high, it is alleged that many who were in opposition with the departure failed to turn out for voting since they did not think that the referendum had sufficient support to pass. Moreover, even some electorates who were in support of the departure showed great remorse at the outcome. It appeared that some segment of the constituents voted for in favor of the referendum as a way of showing discontentment at the government, but minus supposing that the referendum could pass. Now they are encountered with the actuality that the UK could quit the EU, mainstream individuals in the UK are showing some uncertainty and fear (Greenaway, and Milner, 2019). It has been proposed that Scotland might carry out a second referendum on whether or not to remain in the UK, but Northern Ireland has supposed that it will not look for a vote on reunification and will not try to depart from the UK.
Effect of Brexit On World Financial Markets
Britons are not the only population who are showing worry over a likely Brexit. Obstfeld (2016) asserts that the globe’s financial markets have been inconsistent immensely over the past few weeks, due to the worries about Brexit. When the likelihood of Brexit was first to announce, world financial markets declined to owe to the concerns that Brexit would harm the economy of the world. When it appeared as if Brexit had inadequate support to pass, these world financial markets recovered. Nevertheless, after the passing of the referendum, world markets took another smash. Although the UK never adopted the Euro, its economic systems are exceedingly intertwined with the EU’s and global markets are worried of the economic effects that Brexit will have, not only on the economy of UK but on the economy of the world.
How May The UK Exit The EU?
For the UK to depart from the EU, it has to implore Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. Thus, the Brexit vote, on its own, does nothing to affect the UK’s status as a member state of the EU. The Prime Minister has to beseech Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, which will initiate a lawful course that enables the UK to discuss its exit from the EU. Nonetheless, Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty has never been implored by a member state; thus, the exodus course is indefinite. Furthermore, no member state has formerly exited from the EU. Greenland, a region of a member state, contracted a truce with the EU, which enabled it to exit, but the course took nearly a decade to finish (Babonneau, Haurie, and Vielle, 2018). Thus, while it is evident that the UK may use the EU, it is similarly evident that the course will not occur immediately.
Babonneau, F., Haurie, A., & Vielle, M. (2018). Welfare implications of EU Effort Sharing Decision and possible impact of a hard Brexit. Energy Economics, 74, 470–489. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2018.06.024
Obstfeld, M. (2016). The Initial Economic Impact of Brexit: An Update to Early December 2016. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 359–366. https://doi.org/10.1353/eca.2016.0030
Greenaway, D., & Milner, C. (2019). The economic impact of Brexit on the UK economy. World Economy, 42(1), 2–4. https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.12774
Loring, R. (2016). Brexit: Economic Impact. Review of Banking & Financial Law, 36(1), 40–51. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN=122742093&site=ehost-live
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