Psychotherapy is a term for treating mental health problems that entail consulting with a psychiatrist, psychologist, or other mental health providers. During psychotherapy, an individual learns about their conditions, moods, feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. It does help one in learning how to take control of their life and respond to challenging situations with essential healthy coping skills (Minuchin, & Fishman, 2004).
There are various specific types of psychotherapy, with each psychotherapy approach being unique on its own. The type of psychotherapy that is right for an individual varies within the diverse individual needs and demands. Therefore, each person has entitled a choice of psychotherapy that suits his/her personal conditions. Psychotherapy is a distinct profession in its own right, with many different types of professionals and practitioners engaging in it regularly with a range of qualifications. Such qualifications include psychiatry, clinical psychology, counseling psychology, clinical or psychiatric social work, mental health counseling, marriage, and family therapy.
Rehabilitation counseling, school counseling, play therapy, music therapy, art therapy, drama therapy, dance/movement therapy, and occupational therapy are Among other professional qualifications. Besides, this group of professionals specializes in psychiatric nursing, psychoanalysis, and other psychotherapies. Individuals wishing to practice this lucrative profession may opt for clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, counseling psychologists, marriage and family therapists, counselors, social workers, mental health counselors, occupational therapists and psychiatric nurses (Compas, & Gotlib, 2002; Minuchin, & Fishman, 2004). Psychotherapy may be legally regulated, voluntarily regulated, or unregulated based on the jurisdiction. Requirements of the mentioned professions vary, but they often require graduate school and supervised clinical experience.
Clinical psychologists are largely responsible for the intervention and reduction of depressions among patients. These clinical specialists are charged with the responsibility of assessing and treating mental illness, abnormal behavior, and psychiatric problems. Psychotherapy incorporates the science of psychology with the treatment of complex human problems. Clinical psychologists, in most instances, work in medical settings, private practice, or academic positions at universities and colleges. Some of the specialists in private practice work directly with clients, those suffering from severe psychiatric disorders.
Some of the clinical psychologists prefer working in private therapeutic settings offering short-term and long-term outpatient services to clients who need help coping with psychological distress. Others will work in other settings specializing in research, teaching university-level courses and offering consultation services (Henrik, 2010). One needs to graduate with a degree in psychology followed by professional examination and evaluation to qualify as a psychiatrist. Besides, psychiatrists must have medical and clinical training. Masters or doctoral degree, and a license are required for senior psychologists. A doctoral degree usually is required for independent practice as a psychologist.
The cognitive-behavioral therapy model entails a vast number of techniques focusing on the construction and re-construction of people’s emotions, behaviors, cognitions (Minuchin, & Fishman, 2004). The therapist, through CBT, helps clients assess, realize, and deal with problematic, dysfunctional ways of behaving, thinking, and emoting. The CBT model’s characteristics are time-limited, among the most rapid in terms of results. It normally offers a sound therapeutic relationship between the therapist and client, based on the scientifically supported assumption that most emotional and behavioral reactions are learned, it is structured and directive in the sense that therapists have a specific agenda for each session (Compas, & Gotlib, 2002).
Study samples have shown that CBT is an effective method of getting rid of depression. Therefore, it is worth recommending CBT to people suffering from depression and for sure, this form of therapy would be very effective for such a group of people. In most instances, depression entails one’s feelings and emotions having been hurt (Henrik, 2010). Through consulting with counselors and psychotherapists, studies have shown that the counseling session is very effective in reducing depression and hence, relieving the patients of the despair.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2008-09 Edition, Psychologists, on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos056.htm
Compas, Bruce & Gotlib, Ian. (2002). Introduction to Clinical Psychology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Henrik, R. (2010). The Psychotherapy Handbook. The A-Z handbook to more than 250 psychotherapies as used today. New American Library.
Minuchin, S.& Fishman, H. C. (2004). Family Therapy Techniques. Harvard University Press.
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