Pit Bulls are subjected to breed-specific laws, restrictions on ownership, and restrictions on insurance, as well as outright bans in approximately seven countries worldwide. These bans have been motivated by the number of documented attacks by pit bulls. The majority of these attacks result in fatalities. However, many lovers and owners Pit Bulls allege that bans on these dogs are unwarranted. They also allege that the pit bull make excellent companions as well as family pets (Houston 54). The controversy surrounding the pit bull has produced two radically divided camps. In the perspective of the controversy as to whether the pit bull should be regarded as a friend or foe, there is the need to assume a middle ground. This would facilitate a vivid analysis of the arguments of the two extreme perspectives.
Argument Against The Pit-Bull
Questions arise as to whether the pit-bull from America is genetically dissimilarfrom other dog breeds. In U.Kthese dogs are regarded as perilouscreatures. These dogs face an imminent ban from the British government ministers. Controversy breeds as to the major rationale of keeping a pit bull.However, defenders of the pit bulls believe that the pit bull is equally harmless as every other dog, although this might not be true. In regard to their perceive hazardous conduct, the pit bull defenders allege that the pit bull owners have made the pit bulls behave this way.Pit bulls are alleged to be genetically bred to develop into fighting dogs. Owing to their bone and head structure these dogs are inclined to attack, battle and slay other dogs. Several researchers have investigated the reason why a dog might become dangerous. These studies have discovered that there are several mechanisms and chemicals in the dog’s body that prompt them to attack. L-tyrosine is one such chemical that can be genetically modified through breeding (Lockwood 267).
Studies reveal that, dogs which portray high degrees of L-tyrosine are liable to attack with ease. It is thought that pit bulls contain this genetically modifiable chemical in their system. Thischemical increases the propensity to attack and distracts the dog from experiencing pain. This repulsion of pain is a major reason why these dogs may attack. In normal circumstances, when dogs arefighting, they retreat from the dog overpowers them however, pit bulls do not. Pit bulls seek ways to boost pain in order to obtain the endorphins which their bodies produce through fighting. Not only do pit bulls receive endorphins, but they get a higher quantity than other breeds (267).
The argument against pit bulls centers mainly on the notion that safe is better than being sorry. 30 to 50% of all fatalities that resulted from dog attacks, between the years 1979 to 1998 involved pit bulls (Center for Disease Control 463). These studies revealed that,attacks by pit bulls usually occur without fore-warning. Theattacks were found to be equally likely against children as adults. This finding is significant for people who support the banning of pit bulls because it reduces the argument that pit bull attacks are caused by children infuriating the pit bulls, or that adults can control these dogs.Further, the Pit Bull comes into the limelight as potentially worthy of banning because of their hostility towards other animals. The pit bulls are well-known to develop increasingly dog-aggressive behavior as they attain sexual maturity. Responsible pit bull owners are fast to caution that pit bulls are not dogs that ought to be pushed or trusted into social environments. As a result of their tenacity and strength, fights between other dogs and pit bulls regularlyculminate in dog death(American Kennel Club 102).
Argument in Support of Pit-Bull.The pit bull originated from the cross-breeding the bull dog and the terriers. The terriers were considered to be playful, while the bull dog is well-known for its amazing strength and athletic nature. The main principlebehind the cross-breeding was to generate an offspring that demonstrated the characteristics of athleticism, playfulness, and strength. The pit bull was introduced inthe US from the UKin the 1870s. The purpose was essentially for security, companion, and hunting. During this era when animals were largely involved in ring fights, the pit bull emerged as a very strong dog breed.Later on, the pit bull became a significant symbol of allegiance to particular organizations and groups such as Little Rascals, Buster Brown, and also the RCA recording company. It also depicted a sense of reliability as well as robustness. Law enforcement agencies in the US eventually incorporated the pit bulls in their police dogs units. Pit bulls are used for therapy purposes in medical research centers, and as security providers by ranch owners, to mention but a few uses of the pit bull(Nathan 5).
The people against the banning of pit bulls comprise of pit bull owners, pit bull lovers, as well as people who feel bans on any kind of dog breed are unjustifiable. Supporters of pit bulls allege that, in the event that pit bulls are well-trained, with responsible and informed owners, handled by responsible breeders, these dogs develop into excellent pets. Their devotion and loyalty is unparalleled. The pit bulls are known as very sharpand useful dogs in various capacities.The people against the banning of the Pit Bull place the liability for pit bull attacks on careless owners and irresponsible breeders. It is evident that pit bulls are bred for several illegal purposes like dog fighting and securityfor illicit drug supplies. For these functions, other dogs have also been chosen and bred(American Kennel Club 102).
There are also allegations that the cited statistics are inconsistent. This is a fact that various publishersconcur, and caution that several factors, such as accurate breed determination as well as responsible ownership, are practically impossible to establish definitively.Consequentlyalthough the pit bulls are involved in a numerous fatal attacks, the statistics might not be valid as a foundation for breed check. Additionally, there is a lotuncertaintyconcerning the recognition of pit bulls. Numerous control officers as well as authorities cannot at all timesperfectlyrecognize pit bulls(Houston 54).
The Middle Ground. The people who oppose of the banning of Pit Bull do not support the increase of vicious animals. On the contrary, they support the increase of verified, sociable pit bulls. The American Veterinary Association advocates for holding the dog owners liablefor animal conduct. The association asserts that if chronically irresponsible and incompetent dog owners are targeted by legislation, the amount of defectively reared and bred dogs would reduce. This would certainly result in improved breed stability as well as annihilation of vicious animals (Nathan 5).
It is essential to note that severalpeople who oppose the bans are contented with this particular middle ground. Pit bull supporters persist to allege that they are not supportive of attempts to rehabilitate hostile dogs, but on the contrary, they desire the pit bull to be offered a fair shake. As the pit bull bans keep on evolving, the emphasis should be placed on responsible ownership, rather than targeting pit bulls.
American Kennel Club. Dog Registration Statistics, Jan 1, 2000–Dec 31, 2005, New York: American Kennel Club, 2006. Print.
Center for Disease Control. “Dog Bite Related Fatalities United States, 1995–1996”. Morbid Mortal Weekly Report 46.1(2001):463.Print.
Houston, B. “Dog Bites: How Big a Problem”? Injury Preview 2.2 (2006), 54. Print.
Lockwood, R. “Humane Concerns about Dangerous Dog Laws”. University of Dayton Law Review 13.1 (2000), 267. Print.
Nathan, W. “Failing the American Pit Bull Terrier” No Kill Sheltering 2. 1 (2006).
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