Communism is an economic-political state whereby everyone in the society gives according to their capabilities and receives based on their needs(Chu, Lau, Moriah, & Schallich, 2009). This indicates that the needs of a community are prioritized over the particular needs of a person. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels were the founders of communism since they believed that capitalism led to the segregation of people along with social classes. This division caused the exploitation of workers and fundamentally led to the development of class consciousness. The solution to this class conflict would be a revolutionary struggle where the workers would rise against the owners of the production means(Chu, Lau, Moriah, & Schallich, 2009). This revolution would then go through the socialism phase and eventually settle upon the communism state. In a communist society, all private property would be disbanded and the means of production is transferred to the community(Biray, 2015). This article will, therefore, analyze whether the philosophy of communism still exists in modern society, or it has been overtaken by time.
In the 19th century, communism became a dominant political tool in most nations in Asia, Eastern Europe, Africa, and South America(Biray, 2015). In Russia, the Bolsheviks launched a revolutionary struggle in 1917 and took over administration through the October Revolution. This revolution marked the maiden time a communist group with Marxism on their agenda managed to take over power(Caplan, 2019). They altered their title to Communist Party and spread their motives and philosophies to other socialist parties in the Eurozone. This group nationalized all public belongings and put manufacturing companies and railway tracks under the control of the government. The communist philosophies grew and spread throughout the USSR and soon infiltrated into China.
China, being one of the world’s biggest economy, followed in the footsteps of Russia and launched a revolution which was led by Mao Zedong(Caplan, 2019). He led the Communist Party of China which took over power in 1947. However, Mao formed his own policies that caused the death and anguish of many people. After his death, Deng Xiaoping took over control and formed an ideal philosophy known as market socialism. Deng’s primary focus was instituting the four cores of modernization: agriculture, industrialization, science and technology, and the military (Chu, Lau, Moriah, & Schallich, 2009). He is considered the pioneer of the current economic status of China; the economic world power. Deng launched a gateway for China to the rest of the world and successfully initiated industrialization. A rise in industrialization caused an increase in computer usage in China. This high number led to the revision and improvement of technology ethics in China and other nations.
Since communism dwells on the benefits to the general community rather than an individual, then the right to privacy is contradicted, unless this privacy has a merit to the society(Biray, 2015). Privacy is a vital right to every person and government in the world, especially nations in the West. However, communism deems it an unnecessary privilege since it gives freedom to people to do as they desire. China, as a communist society, closely monitors its citizens for irregular or unscrupulous behaviors like forming resistance groups against the government(Caplan, 2019). With the growth of the internet and technology, it is quite easy for information to flow from one user to another. Therefore, the Chinese government keenly and tightly monitors whatever information is transferred among users in the country.
It is therefore clear that communism is still an active philosophy in numerous economies in the world, especially in Eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia. It would be wrong to declare it a thing of the past since the governments insome nations have a tight grip on their citizens to ensure a communal lifestyle. However, the state of anonymity by individuals in most nations shows that socialism is also a dominant philosophy. The citizens in these nations live free and private lives without close observation from their respective governments. Therefore, communism is an archived philosophy in most countries, whereas it remains rampant in some.
Biray, K. (2015, November 10). Communist nostalgia in Eastern Europe: longing for the past. Open Democracy. Retrieved from net/en/can-europe-make-it/communist-nostalgia-in-eastern-europe-longing-for-past/”>https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/can-europe-make-it/communist-nostalgia-in-eastern-europe-longing-for-past/
Caplan, B. (2019). Communism. The Library of Economics and Liberty. Retrieved from https://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Communism.html
Chu, R., Lau, D., Moriah, S., & Schallich, A. (2009). Communism in China. Stanford University: Computer Science. Retrieved from https://cs.stanford.edu/people/eroberts/cs181/projects/2007-08/communism-computing-china/index.html
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